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The Health benefits Carrots Brings

The Health benefits Carrots Brings

The Health benefits Carrots Brings

Most of us don’t really know the health benefit of carrot, some do call it a fruit, while others just can’t tell why rabbits love carrots. We’ll be on the go about the health benefits carrot brings.

What is a carrot?

Carrot is a vegetable crop and a vitamin, it’s also consists of carotenoids which is also found in vitamin C. Having discussed about what vitamins are, I would love you to read that so you have an indepth understanding on what we are talking about.

What to Know about the Vegetable called CARROT

It is a root vegetable crop, a dicotyledonous plant with a Taproot system which is the mostly eaten part of the vegetable.

It’s roots contains high quantities of carotene, which is a great source of vitamin A for eyesight, vitamin C for melanin pigment and some cases vitamin K or B6.


Carrots scientific name is know as “Daucus carota”.   Carrot is a biennial plant though the tend to mature within 3-4months at most after being cultivated. In Nigeria, it’s mostly cultivated on a sandy-loamy soil and irrigation system is being practiced because of the geographical areas in which sandy loamy is located (damaturu, maiduguri, Bauchi e.t.c).

They are being cultivated around November and harvested on March.

Benefits of Carrots

I.   It’s stimulates Hair growth

Having known that carrots consists of vitamin A which is a vitamin that enhances cells development, this vitamin A can promote hair growth.

II. Prevents Hair disorders and Problems.

Most hair creams consists of vitamin A and having read the role it plays on the hair, it mostly moisturizes the hair and prevents it from dryness because dryness can lead to hair breakage while combing it.

You want to take proper care of your hair?

Use hair creams that contains carotene before combing your hair to prevent hair breakage.

III. Helps in prevention and treatment of skin diseases

Carrots plays a huge benefit in terms of taking good care of your skin. That’s why it’s also used in the cosmetics industries cause of it’s content is essential.

What is that content that’s essential?

Carrots contains carotene which when eaten it’s been converted into Vitamin A. As I have earlier stated, vitamin A develops cell and by so doing, it maintains the smoothness and freshness of the skin. That’s why cosmetic industry like Carolina contains carotene.

How then do they prevent skin diseases?

They prevent skin diseases because the consists of antioxidants which prevents and fights against skin diseases like rashes, pimples e.t.c. They also clear of scars on the skin and glows your skin.

That’s why some people having pimples locally prepare carrot juice and rubs it on there face before going to bed and after morning bath.

 IV. Helps in Protecting you from harmful sun radiants.

The radiation from the sun is stronger in places like sokoto, maiduguri, Bauchi and damaturu (Capitals found in Nigeria) that’s why most people who resides in these places do have huge burns on there skin.

These burns can prevented or repaired through carotene found in carrots. These carotene if found in your body, protects your skin from these harsh radiation from the sun and also makes your skin less sensitive to it.


Hope you have seen how beneficial carrots is to you. I’ll advise you to consume more of it and you’ll see yourself glowing like a cute model.

Ans 204 What Are Vitamins?

Ans 204 What Are Vitamins?

Ans 204 What Are Vitamins? 

Ans 204 What’s are vitamins?   is to inform scholars all what the need to know about vitamins, it’s classifications, deficiency and uses.

What Are Vitamins?

Vitamins are essential micronutrients  required in small quantities in living Organisms for proper functioning of it’s metabolism. These substances our bodies needs them for it’s development.

That it’s required in a little quantity doesn’t mean it has no definite role to play neither does it mean that it’s less important in the body.

Though the body can synthesis them but it’s limited.

Vitamins in as much as it’s a non essential nutrient, it’s essential for the body’s immune system because vitamins helps to strengthen your body so as to fight against diseases.

Vitamins also are a group of chemically unrelated organic molecules that are needed in small amounts for different physiological functions. Vitamins simply means a group of compounds having specific roles in metabolism. Just like it’s original is “vital amine” It’s a very important amine that the body needs.

Unlike other macronutrients that happens to be an  organic compounds, these vital amines cannot provide energy, they only help to speed up things in an energy-producing reactions.

For example, Make fats more fluid or decreases their melting point when there is an increased amount and are not used for the synthesis of structural compounds.

Most vitamins are provided to animal through diet, while some of vitamins can be synthesized by the rumen and hindgut microbes or by exposure to sunlight.

Deficiency of vitamins

Deficiency of vitamins in a diet leads to disease conditions, reduced productivity and animal welfare and reduced immunity in food-producing animals.

The dietary requirements of vitamins are very low. In recent years, mega doses of some vitamins (e.g., vitamin E) have been used in animal diets as a means to enhance animal immunity and to improve food quality aspects.


Classification of vitamins

About 13 Essential Vitamins in Animals and the are sub-divided into Fat soluble Vitamins (A,B,E & K) and water soluble Vitamins (B-complex, & C)

The B-complex are sub-divided into energy releasing. ( B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12).

Fat soluble Vitamins

Vitamin A, B, E and K are fat soluble Vitamin  also Known as fat & lipid vitamins.

They are available in diet, transportation and absorption are associated with fat.

they are soluble in fat and oil and also fat solvent (aceto) and alcohol.

Vitamins are group of All related organic Compounds that are found in natural feed substances But different from fat, protein, carbohydrates, water And Minerals,

It required in trace quantity by living organisms for Normal Biochemical and physiological function (optimum healthy growth, Maintenance or reproduction)

In Animals they are essential and can’t be Synthesized or supplied in enough quantity to meet up the requirements for physiological processes. which require exogenous Supplementation.

Animals shows a clinical deficiency Symptoms when Vitamins are inadequate or absent.

Vitamins as a nutrient is unique cause unlike other nutrients there is no single feed ingredient that can supply all the vitamins at optimum Levels in the diet. There is 15 different Vitamins being recognized in the universe.

Generally Vitamins are name by biological and chemical function rather than the chemical functions usually a group of that shows a biological activity associates With a particular Vitamins are collectively named together.

fat soluble vitamin can be stored in liver and adipose tissues, they are a not readily excreted in urine. the excess Consumption of these Vitamins can lead to the accumulation and the toxic affects the body. All the fat soluble vitamins are isoprenoid and Compound Since they make up of one or more five Carbon units namely isoprenoid units (CH2=C(CH3)−CH=CH2).

They are not required Daily and it’s deficiency is very slow

But vitamin K has a specific enzyme formation.

Water-soluble vitamins (B-complex and C)

Soluble in water and excess excreted through urine

No storage and less toxic

Daily requirement (except vitamin B12)

Serve as cofactor in biochemical reactions

Deficiency is fast

Factors affecting Vitamins requirements in animal

• Genotype of the animal
•  Energy density of the feed
• Environmental Temperature
• Management system
• Digestive System.
• processing method
• Git Vitamin lost.

Assessment Vitamin status in Animals.

• Measurement of blood level
• Measurement of renal
• Measurement of tissue levels
• Biochemical and Metabolic Ratio
• Clinical Assessment

Ans204 functions of macronutrients

Ans204 functions of macronutrients

Ans204 functions of macronutrients

In this article today I’ll extensively explain what nutrients are, types of nutrients we all know and an enhanced explanation on functions of Marco nutrients.

Please ensure you have your writing materials with you.

What do we actually say nutrients is?

We can say Nutrients are substances gotten from either plant produces or animal produces which plays a vital role in all living organisms by enhancing the cells resistances to diseases or promoting the proper functioning of it’s organs.

The various forms of nutrients

Now we know what nutrients are, I’ll also like to let you know that these nutrients are of two forms and we call name micronutrients and macronutrients.

A quick reminder, our topic for today is Macronutrients so all my focus in this article will solely be for macronutrients.

What do we actually say Macronutrients are?

You want to know what macro nutrients is right? Hope you have a good understanding on what was explained about nutrients eariler on?if yes all your focus should be on the prefix on the word “Macronutrients“.

The prefix is “Macro” and whenever one comes across the word macro, what comes to ones mind is Large, Big, enormous e.t.c. Now you have a good knowledge of what we are talking about.

So we can then say that macronutrients are those substance needed by a living organism in a large, big or enormous amount.

But why do we need them in a Large amount?

You should be asking yourself this question so as to have a clear understanding on what macronutrients are.

This form of nutrient is needed in large amount because both the plants cells and animal cells can’t produces or call out these substances to play there roles on the cell formation and development without getting this substances from an external source.

Because these substances are gotten from an external source, they end up becoming a very important subtance that both plant and animal cells must have.

Let me use an illustration for clarification purpose. If a 80% of the citizens in a country depends on coal as its only source of energy, and the country in picture do not have these coal as a mineral resource, they will end up depending solely on the importation of coal and by so doing, these coal end up having higher value than gold and the countries currency why because it’s so important but it’s limited.

Now what are these Macronutrients we are talking about?

We can identify these macronutrients as sulfur, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and oxygen.

We will be talking about the sources and the relationship between Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium.

We all have this knowledge that inorganic fertilizer has these three essential elements and they are Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium (N.P.K)

Having known that the most abundant gas in the air/atmosphere is Nitrogen, have we asked ourselves why it’s highly abundant yet it’s so important to both plants and animals?

Nitrogen is highly important to plants likewise animals but I’ll be so fixated on plants because i want you to understand why n.p.k is the call of the day.

It’s been written and said that nitrogen is responsible for plants growth, well I’ll say that’s a lie because nitrogen is only calling out for both phosphorus and potassium in a plant tissue.

So growth in plants is a resultant of nitrogen that causes the uptake of phosphorus by the plants tissues And this element phosphorus plays its role to ensure that plant maintains a good structure which causes the growth we see in plant. Note that growth is influenced by structure and genes, so this is how this element works in the plant. It builds up it’s genetic material and it’s structure for growth to occur in the plant.

Like i always say, nitrogen is the initiator, phosphorus the catalyst (because it speeds up the metabolism rate in the plants for growths to occur) and potassium plays the homeostasis role in the plant by ensuring the uptake of the nutrients and balancing of the plant’s acidity level by circulation of water.

So hope you could see the circle or the relationship between these three essential elements nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

In Conclusion

Nitrogen calls for the help of both phosphorus and potassium in the plants, potassium ensures the plant gets it’s required nutrient, phosphorus ensures that these nutrients are well used up by the plants tissues and cells which in return enables potassium to play it’s role by balancing the acid-base level of the plant tissue.